The Ukrainian Parliament has convened its sixth regular session. It’s commencement has triggered a number of events.
Missing but not forgotten
Constitutional reform – Removal of parliamentary immunity from Criminal prosecution.
The main issue that should be before the parliament is the proposed amendments for Ukraine’s constitution that removes Parliamentary immunity for criminal liability. Amendments to the Constitution were agreed to and forwarded to the Ukraine’s Constitutional Court for review.
Under the terms of Ukraine’s Constitution (Chapter XIII) the Parliament had to wait until the next regular session before it could finally pass the the proposed amendments. With the commencement of a new session these amendments can not be passed.
Strangely enough there is no mention of the proposed amendments on the agenda papers and the constitutional Court has still not delivered its decision. These amendments should have been before the parliament this week and adopted prior to Sundays final presidential ballot.
The media have been silent and have not raised this issue. Why?
The forced dismissal of Ukraine’s parliament not an option until October
With the holding of the Sixth regular Session then provision of Article 90 of Ukraine’s Constitution can not be activated until October. The Parliament can only be dismissed if the 30 days following the failure of the parliament to convene it scheduled regular session. Even if Party of Regions their mandate on mass and cancels their electoral list as did Tymoshenko back in in 2007, the parliament can not be dismissed until 30 days following the next regular Parliamentary session which is scheduled to start in September.
The only other option for early Parliamentary elections is if a motion of no confidence is passed in the government or the governing coalition is terminated according to the rules of the Parliament.
The next six months could prove to be another challenge to Ukraine’s political stability and constitutional order.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine works in sessions.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine is competent on the condition that noless than two-thirds of its constitutional composition has been elected.
Regular sessions of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine commence on the first Tuesday of February and on the first Tuesday of September each year.
Special sessions of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, with thestipulation of their agenda, are convoked by the Chairperson of theVerkhovna Rada of Ukraine, on the demand of the President of Ukraine oron the demand of no fewer People’s Deputies of Ukraine than one-thirdof the constitutional composition of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
According to election results and on the basis of a common groundachieved between various political positions, a coalition ofparliamentary factions shall be formed in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraineto include a majority of People’s Deputies of Ukraine within theconstitutional composition of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
A coalition of parliamentary factions in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine shall be formed withina month from the date of the first meeting of the Verkhovna Rada ofUkraine to be held following regular or special elections to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, or withina month from the date when activities of a coalition of parliamentaryfactions in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine terminated.
Framework for forming, organising, and terminating activities of acoalition of parliamentary factions in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraineshall be established by the Constitution of Ukraine and the Rules ofProcedure of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
The authority of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine is terminated on theday of the opening of the first meeting of the Verkhovna Rada ofUkraine of a new convocation.
The President of Ukraine may terminate the authority of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine prior to the expiration of term, if:
(1) there is a failure to form within one month a coalition ofparliamentary factions in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine as provided forin Article 83 of this Constitution;
(2) there is a failure, within sixty days following the resignationof the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, to form the personalcomposition of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine;
(3) the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine fails, within thirty days of a single regular session, to commence its plenary meetings.
The early termination of powers of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraineshall be decided by the President of Ukraine following relevantconsultations with the Chairperson and Deputy Chairpersons of theVerkhovna Rada of Ukraine and with Chairpersons of Verkhovna Radaparliamentary factions.
The authority of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, that is elected atspecial elections conducted after the pre-term termination by thePresident of Ukraine of authority of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine ofthe previous convocation, shall not be terminated within one year fromthe day of its election.
The authority of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine shall not beterminated during the last six months of the term of authority of theVerkhovna Rada of Ukraine or President of Ukraine.